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Risk Factors Of Lower Extremities Varicose Vein At Mohammad Hoesin Hospital

Kemas Muhammad Dahlan1*, Fahmi Jaka Yusuf1, Radi Noorsyawal2, Salsabila3, Swanny4

Backgrounds: Varicose veins are defined as subcutaneous veins in the lower extremities that are dilated to ≥3 mm in diameter. There are several risk factors that can cause varicose veins. These factors are divided based on lifestyle such as prolonged standing or sitting position, hormonal such as estrogen levels in women, familial such as family history, height, and age, and acquired such as obesity and pregnancy. The disease can then weigh on economies globally. In Palembang, there has been no research that discusses the risk factors for varicose veins in the lower legs.

Methods: This study is a descriptive study of medical records with a cross-sectional design. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of risk factors that cause leg vein disease in inpatients who were treated at RSMH Palembang in the period January 2019-December 2019.

Results: In the study, there were 28 research subjects, of whom had jobs (85.7%) consisting of 95% male and 62.5% female. The age groups most affected by various ages were under the age of 16-24 and 55-64 years (28.6%). Most patients have a normal body mass index (45%) than male subjects and 75% in the female population. The majority of patients were male (71.4%). Most of the population denied the existence of varicose veins of the lower leg in the family (96.4%).

Conclusion: Appropriate education for risk factors of varicose vein and early detection is a key for management of lower extremities varicose vein.

Keywords: Lower extremities, Varicose veins

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